CHENNAI :: CHENNAI 600 025 ANNA UNIVERSITY
B.E MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
GE2211 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING 3 0 0 3
The aim of this course is to create awareness in every engineering graduate about the importance of environment, the effect of technology on the environment and ecological balance and make them sensitive to the environment problems in every professional endeavour that they participates.
At the end of this course the student is expected to understand what constitutes the environment, what are precious resources in the environment, how to conserve these resources, what is the role of a human being in maintaining a clean environment and useful environment for the future generations and how to maintain ecological balance and preserve bio-diversity. The role of government and non-government organization in environment managements.
Unit 1 ENVIRONMENT, ECOSYSTEMS AND BIODIVERSITY 14
Definition, scope and importance of environment – need for public awareness - concept of an ecosystem – structure and function of an ecosystem – producers, consumers and decomposers – energy flow in the ecosystem – ecological succession – food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids – Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure and function of the (a) forest ecosystem (b) grassland ecosystem (c) desert ecosystem (d) aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries) – Introduction to biodiversity definition: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity – biogeographical classification of India – value of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social, ethical, aesthetic and option values – Biodiversity at global, national and local levels – India as a mega-diversity nation – hot-spots of biodiversity – threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man-wildlife conflicts – endangered and endemic species of India – conservation of biodiversity: In-situ and ex-situ conservation of biodiversity.
Field study of common plants, insects, birds
Field study of simple ecosystems – pond, river, hill slopes, etc.
Unit 2 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION 8
Definition – causes, effects and control measures of: (a) Air pollution (b) Water pollution (c) Soil pollution (d) Marine pollution (e) Noise pollution (f) Thermal pollution (g) Nuclear hazards – soil waste management: causes, effects and control measures of municipal solid wastes – role of an individual in prevention of pollution – pollution case studies – disaster management: floods, earthquake, cyclone and landslides.
Field study of local polluted site – Urban / Rural / Industrial / Agricultural.
Unit 3. NATURAL RESOURCES 10
Forest resources: Use and over-exploitation, deforestation, case studies- timber extraction, mining, dams and their effects on forests and tribal people – Water resources: Use and over-utilization of surface and ground water, floods, drought, conflicts over water, dams-benefits and problems – Mineral resources: Use and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources, case studies – Food resources: World food problems, changes caused by agriculture and overgrazing, effects of modern agriculture, fertilizer-pesticide problems, water logging, salinity, case studies – Energy resources: Growing energy needs, renewable and non renewable energy sources, use of alternate energy sources. case studies – Land resources: Land as a resource, land degradation, man induced landslides, soil erosion and desertification – role of an individual in conservation of natural resources – Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles.
Field study of local area to document environmental assets – river / forest / grassland / hill / mountain.
Unit 4. SOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT 7
From unsustainable to sustainable development – urban problems related to energy – water conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management – resettlement and rehabilitation of people; its problems and concerns, case studies – role of non-governmental organization- environmental ethics: Issues and possible solutions – climate change, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidents and holocaust, case studies. – wasteland reclamation – consumerism and waste products – environment production act – Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) act – Water (Prevention and control of Pollution) act – Wildlife protection act – Forest conservation act – enforcement machinery involved in environmental legislation- central and state pollution control boards- Public awareness.
Unit 5. HUMAN POPULATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT 6
Population growth, variation among nations – population explosion – family welfare programme – environment and human health – human rights – value education – HIV / AIDS – women and child welfare – role of information technology in environment and human health – Case studies.
1. Gilbert M.Masters, ‘Introduction to Environmental Engineering and
Science’, 2nd edition, Pearson Education (2004).
2. Benny Joseph, ‘Environmental Science and Engineering’, Tata McGraw-Hill,
1. R.K. Trivedi, ‘Handbook of Environmental Laws, Rules, Guidelines, Compliances and Standards’, Voland II, Enviro Media.
2. Cunningham, W.P. Cooper, T.H. Gorhani, ‘Environmental Encyclopedia’, Jaico Publ., House, Mumbai, 2001.
3. Dharmendra S. Sengar, ‘Environmental law’, Prentice hall of India PVT LTD,
, 2007. New Delhi
4. Rajagopalan, R, ‘Environmental Studies-From Crisis to Cure’,
Press (2005) Oxford University
ME2301 GAS DYNAMICS AND JET PROPULSION 3 1 0 4
To impart knowledge to the students on compressible flow through ducts, jet propulsion and space propulsion.
i) To understand the basic difference between incompressible and compressible flow.
ii) To understand the phenomenon of shock waves and its effect on flow.
iii)To gain some basic knowledge about jet propulsion and Rocket Propulsion.
1. BASIC CONCEPTS AND ISENTROPIC FLOWS (6)
Energy and momentum equations of compressible fluid flows – Stagnation states, Mach waves and Mach cone – Effect of Mach number on compressibility – Isentropic flow through variable ducts – Nozzle and Diffusers – Use of Gas tables.
2. FLOW THROUGH DUCTS (9)
Flows through constant area ducts with heat transfer (Rayleigh flow) and Friction (Fanno flow) – variation of flow properties – Use of tables and charts – Generalised gas dynamics.
AND OBLIQUE SHOCKS (10) NORMAL
Governing equations – Variation of flow parameters across the normal and oblique shocks – Prandtl – Meyer relations – Use of table and charts – Applications.
4. JET PROPULSION (10)
Theory of jet propulsion – Thrust equation – Thrust power and propulsive efficiency – Operation principle, cycle analysis and use of stagnation state performance of ram jet, turbojet, turbofan and turbo prop engines.
5. SPACE PROPULSION (10)
Types of rocket engines – Propellants-feeding systems – Ignition and combustion – Theory of rocket propulsion – Performance study – Staging – Terminal and characteristic velocity – Applications – space flights.
Total : 45 + 15 =60
TEXT BOOKS :
1.Anderson, J.D., Modern Compressible flow, McGraw Hill, 3rd Edition, 2003.
2. H. Cohen, G.E.C. Rogers and Saravanamutto, Gas Turbine Theory Longman Group Ltd., 1980. S.M. Yahya, fundamentals of Compressible Flow, New Age International (P) Limited,
1. P. Hill and C. Peterson, Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Propulsion, Addison – Wesley Publishing company, 1992.
2. N.J. Zucrow, Aircraft and Missile Propulsion, vol.1 & II, John Wiley, 1975.
3. N.J. Zucrow, Principles of Jet Propulsion and Gas Turbines, John Wiley,
, 1970. New York
4. G.P. Sutton, Rocket Propulsion Elements, John wiley, 1986,
. New York
5. A.H. Shapiro, Dynamics and Thermodynamics of Compressible fluid Flow, , John wiley, 1953,
New . York
6. V. Ganesan, Gas Turbines, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co.,
, 1999. New Delhi
7. PR.S.L. Somasundaram, Gas Dynamics and Jet Propulsions, New Age International Publishers, 1996.
8. V. Babu, Fundamentals of Gas Dynamics, ANE Books
, 2008. India
ME 2302 DYNAMICS OF MACHINERY 3 1 0 4
· To understand the method of static force analysis and dynamic force analysis of mechanisms
· To study the undesirable effects of unbalances in rotors and engines.
· To understand the concept of vibratory systems and their analysis
· To understand the principles of governors and gyroscopes.
UNIT 1. Force Analysis AND FLYWHEELS 10
Static force analysis of mechanisms - D’Alemberts principle - Inertia force and Inertia torque – Dynamic force analysis - Dynamic Analysis in Reciprocating Engines – Gas Forces - Equivalent masses - Bearing loads - Crank shaft Torque–Engine shaking Forces - Turning moment diagrams - Flywheels of engines and punch press
UNIT 2. Balancing 9
Static and dynamic balancing - Balancing of rotating masses - Balancing a single cylinder Engine – Primary and secondary unbalanced forces - Balancing Multi-cylinder Engines – Firing order – Pivoted cradle balancing machines
UNIT 3. Free Vibration 10
Basic features of vibratory systems - Basic elements and lumping of parameters - Degrees of freedom - Single degree of freedom - Free vibration - Equations of motion - natural frequency - Types of Damping - Damped free vibration – Whirling of shafts and critical speed - Torsional systems; Natural frequency of two and three rotor systems.
UNIT4. Forced Vibration 7
Response to periodic forcing - Harmonic Forcing – Forced vibration caused by unbalance - Support motion – Force transmissibility and amplitude transmissibility - Vibration isolation
UNIT 5 Mechanisms for Control 9
Governors - Types - Centrifugal governors - Gravity controlled and spring controlled centrifugal governors –Characteristics - Effect of friction - Controlling Force – Quality of governors – effect of friction.
Gyroscopes - Gyroscopic couple - Gyroscopic stabilization - Gyroscopic effects in Automobiles and ships
1. Ambekar A. G., Mechanism and Machine Theory, Prentice Hall of India,
, 2007. New Delhi
1.Thomas Bevan, "Theory of Machines", CBS Publishers and Distributors, 1984.
2. Ghosh A. and Mallick A.K., "Theory of Mechanisms and Machines", Affiliated East-West Press Pvt. Ltd.,
, 1988. New Delhi
3. Shigley J.E. and Uicker J.J., "Theory of Machines and Mechanisms", McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1995.
4.Rao J.S. and Dukkipati R.V., "Mechanism and Machine Theory ", Wiley-Eastern Limited,
, 1992. New Delhi
5. John Hannah and Stephens R.C., "Mechanics of Machines", Viva low-Priced Student Edition, 1999.
6. Sadhu Singh “Theory of Machines” Pearson Education, 2002.
1. IS 11717 : 2000, Vocabulary on Vibration and Shock
2. IS 13301 : 1992, Guidelines for vibration isolation for machine foundations
3. IS 10000 : Part 7 : 1980, Methods of tests for internal combustion engines: Part 7 Governing tests for constant speed engines and selection of engines for use with electrical generators
4. IS 13274 : 1992, Mechanical vibration - Balancing – Vocabulary
5. IS 13277 : 1992, Balancing machine - Description and evaluation
ME2303 DESIGN OF MACHINE ELEMENTS 3 1 0 4
UNIT 1. Steady Stresses and Variable Stresses in Machine Members 9
Introduction to the design process - factor influencing machine design, selection of materials based on mechanical properties -- Preferred numbers, fits and tolerances – Direct, Bending and torsional stress equations – Impact and shock loading – calculation of principle stresses for various load combinations, eccentric loading – Design of curved beams – crane hook and ‘C’ frame - Factor of safety - theories of failure – stress concentration – design for variable loading – Soderberg, Goodman and Gerber relations
UNIT 2. Design of Shafts and Couplings 10
Design of solid and hollow shafts based on strength, rigidity and critical speed – Design of keys, key ways and splines - Design of crankshafts -- Design of rigid and flexible couplings.
UNIT 3. Design of TEMPORARY AND PERMANENT JOINTS 9
Threaded fastners - Design of bolted joints including eccentric loading, Knuckle joints, Cotter joints – Design of welded joints, riveted joints for structures - theory of bonded joints.
UNIT 4. Design of ENERGY STORING ELEMENTS 8
Design of various types of springs, optimization of helical springs -- rubber springs -- Design of flywheels considering stresses in rims and arms, for engines and punching machines.
UNIT5. Design of Bearings and MISCELLANEOUS ELEMENTS
Sliding contact and rolling contact bearings -- Design of hydrodynamic journal bearings, McKee's Eqn., Sommerfield Number, Raimondi & Boyd graphs, -- Selection of Rolling Contact bearings -- Design of Seals and Gaskets -- Design of Connecting Rod.
Note: (Use of P S G Design Data Book is permitted in the University examination)
1. Shigley J.E and Mischke C. R., “Mechanical Engineering Design”, Sixth Edition, Tata McGraw-Hill , 2003.
2. Bhandari V.B, “Design of Machine Elements”, Second Edition, Tata McGraw-Hill Book Co, 2007.
1. Sundararajamoorthy T. V, Shanmugam .N, "Machine Design", Anuradha Publications, Chennai, 2003.
2. Orthwein W, “Machine Component Design”, Jaico Publishing Co, 2003.
3.Ugural A.C, “Mechanical Design – An Integral Approach, McGraw-Hill Book Co, 2004.
4. Spotts M.F., Shoup T.E “Design and Machine Elements” Pearson Education, 2004.
IS 10260 : Part 1 : 1982 Terms, definitions and classification of Plain bearings Part 1 : Construction.
IS 10260 : Part 1 : 1982 Terms, definitions and classification of Plain bearings Part 2 : Friction and Wear.
IS 10260 : Part 1 : 1982 Terms, definitions and classification of Plain bearings Part 3 : Lubrication.
ME2304 ENGINEERING METROLOGY AND MEASUREMENTS 3 0 0 3
(Common to Mechanical and Automobile)
i. To understand the basic principles of measurements
ii. To learn the various linear and angular measuring equipments, their principle of operation and applications
iii. To learn about various methods of measuring Mechanical parameters
UNIT 1. Concept of Measurement 9
General concept – Generalised measurement system-Units and standards-measuring instruments: sensitivity, stability, range, accuracy and precision-static and dynamic response-repeatability-systematic and random errors-correction, calibration - Introduction to Dimensional and Geometric Toleranceing - interchangeability,
UNIT 2. Linear and Angular Measurement 9
Definition of metrology-Linear measuring instruments: Vernier, micrometer, Slip gauges and classification, - Tool Makers Microscope - interferometery, optical flats, - Comparators: limit gauges Mechanical, pneumatic and electrical comparators, applications. Angular measurements: -Sine bar, Sine center, bevel protractor and angle Decker..
UNIT 3. Form Measurement 9
Measurement of screw threads: Thread gauges, floating carriage micrometer-measurement of gear tooth thickness: constant chord and base tangent method-Gleason gear testing machine – radius measurements-surface finish: equipment and parameters, straightness, flatness and roundness measurements.
UNIT 4. Laser and Advances in Metrology 9
Precision instruments based on laser-Principles- laser interferometer-application in measurements and machine tool metrology- Coordinate measuring machine (CMM): need, construction, types, applications.- computer aided inspection.
UNIT 5. Measurement of mechanical parameters 9
Force, torque, power:-mechanical, pneumatic, hydraulic and electrical type-Pressure measurement - Flow: Venturi, orifice, rotameter, pitot tube –Temperature: bimetallic strip, thermocouples, pyrometer, electrical resistance thermistor.
- Jain R.K., “Engineering Metrology”, Khanna Publishers, 2005
- Alan S. Morris, “The Essence of Measurement”, Prentice Hall of India, 1997
- Gupta S.C, “Engineering Metrology”, Dhanpat rai Publications, 2005
- Jayal A.K, “Instrumentation and Mechanical Measurements”, Galgotia Publications 2000
3. Beckwith, Marangoni, Lienhard, “Mechanical Measurements”, Pearson Education, 2006.
4. Donald Deckman, “Industrial Instrumentation”, Wiley Eastern, 1985.
ME2305 APPLIED HYDRAULICS AND PNEUMATICS 3 0 0 3
(Common to Mechanical and Mechatronics - VI Semester)
To know the advantages and applications of Fluid Power Engineering and Power Transmission System.
To learn the Applications of Fluid Power System in automation of Machine Tools and others Equipments.
UNIT 1. Fluid Power Systems and Fundamentals 9
Introduction to fluid power, Advantages of fluid power, Application of fluid power system. Types of fluid power systems, Properties of hydraulic fluids – General types of fluids – Fluid power symbols. Basics of Hydraulics-Applications of Pascals Law- Laminar and Turbulent flow – Reynold’s number – Darcy’s equation – Losses in pipe, valves and fittings.
UNIT 2. Hydraulic System & Components 9 Sources of Hydraulic Power: Pumping theory – Pump classification – Gear pump, Vane Pump, piston pump, construction and working of pumps – pump performance – Variable displacement pumps. Fluid Power Actuators: Linear hydraulic actuators – Types of hydraulic cylinders – Single acting, Double acting special cylinders like tanden, Rodless, Telescopic, Cushioning mechanism, Construction of double acting cylinder, Rotary actuators – Fluid motors, Gear, Vane and Piston motors.
UNIT 3. Design of Hydraulic Circuits 9 Construction of Control Components : Directional control valve – 3/2 way valve – 4/2 way valve – Shuttle valve – check valve – pressure control valve – pressure reducing valve, sequence valve, Flow control valve – Fixed and adjustable, electrical control solenoid valves, Relays, ladder diagram. Accumulators and Intensifiers: Types of accumulators – Accumulators circuits, sizing of accumulators, intensifier – Applications of Intensifier – Intensifier circuit.
UNIT 4. Pneumatic Systems and Components 9 Pneumatic Components: Properties of air – Compressors – Filter, Regulator, Lubricator Unit – Air control valves, Quick exhaust valves, pneumatic actuators. Fluid Power Circuit Design, Speed control circuits, synchronizing circuit, Penumo hydraulic circuit, Sequential circuit design for simple applications using cascade method.
UNIT 5. Design of Pneumatic Circuits 9 Servo systems – Hydro Mechanical servo systems, Electro hydraulic servo systems and proportional valves. Fluidics – Introduction to fluidic devices, simple circuits, Introduction to Electro Hydraulic Pneumatic logic circuits, ladder diagrams, PLC applications in fluid power control. Fluid power circuits; failure and troubleshooting.
TOTAL : 45
1. Anthony Esposito, “Fluid Power with Applications”, Pearson Education 2005.
2. Majumdar S.R., “Oil Hydraulics Systems- Principles and Maintenance”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2001.
1. Srinivasan.R, “Hydraulic and Pneumatic controls”, Vijay Nicole, 2006.
2. Shanmugasundaram.K, “Hydraulic and Pneumatic controls”, Chand & Co, 2006.
3. Majumdar S.R., “Pneumatic systems – Principles and maintenance”, Tata McGraw Hill, 1995
4 Anthony Lal, “Oil hydraulics in the service of industry”, Allied publishers, 1982.
5. Harry L. Stevart D.B, “Practical guide to fluid power”, Taraoeala sons and Port Ltd. Broadey,
6. Michael J, Prinches and Ashby J. G, “Power Hydraulics”, Prentice Hall, 1989.
7. Dudelyt, A. Pease and John T. Pippenger, “Basic Fluid Power”, Prentice Hall, 1987.
ME2308 THERMAL ENGINEERING LAB - I 0 0 3 2
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
I.C Engine Lab and Fuels Lab 30
Valve Timing and Port Timing Diagrams.
Performance Test on 4-stroke Diesel Engine.
Heat Balance Test on 4-stroke Diesel Engine.
Morse Test on Multicylinder Petrol Engine.
Retardation Test to find Frictional Power of a Diesel Engine.
Determination of Viscosity – Red Wood Viscometer.
Determination of Flash Point and Fire Point.
Steam Lab 15
Study of Steam Generators and Turbines.
Performance and Energy Balance Test on a Steam Generator.
Performance and Energy Balance Test on Steam Turbine.
LIST OF EQUIPMENT
(for a batch of 30 students)
1. I.C Engine – 2 stroke and 4 stroke model 1 set
2. Red Wood Viscometer 1 No.
3. Apparatus for Flash and Fire Point 1 No.
4. 4-stroke Diesel Engine with mechanical loading. 1 No.
5. 4-stroke Diesel Engine with hydraulic loading. 1 No.
6. 4-stroke Diesel Engine with electrical loading. 1 No.
7. Multi-cylinder Petrol Engine 1 No.
8. Single cylinder Petrol Engine 1 No.
9. Data Acquisition system with any one of the above engines 1 No.
10. Steam Boiler with turbine setup 1 No.
ME2307 DYNAMICS LAB 0 0 3 2
i) To supplement the principles learnt in kinematics and Dynamics of Machinery.
ii) To understand how certain measuring devices are used for dynamic testing.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
1. a) Study of gear parameters.
b) Experimental study of velocity ratios of simple, compound, Epicyclic and differential gear trains.
2. a) Kinematics of Four Bar, Slider Crank, Crank Rocker, Double crank, Double rocker, Oscillating cylinder Mechanisms.
b) Kinematics of single and double universal joints.
3. a) Determination of Mass moment of inertia of Fly wheel and Axle system.
b) Determination of Mass Moment of Inertia of axisymmetric bodies using Turn Table apparatus.
c) Determination of Mass Moment of Inertia using bifilar suspension and compound pendulum.
4. Motorized gyroscope – Study of gyroscopic effect and couple.
5. Governor - Determination of range sensitivity, effort etc., for
Watts, Porter, Proell,
and Hartnell Governors.
6. Cams –
Cam profile drawing, Motion curves and study of jump phenomenon
7. a) Single degree of freedom Spring Mass System – Determination of natural frequency
and verification of Laws of springs – Damping coefficient determination.
b) Multi degree freedom suspension system – Determination of influence coefficient.
8. a) Determination of torsional natural frequency of single and Double Rotor systems.-
Undamped and Damped Natural frequencies.
b) Vibration Absorber – Tuned vibration absorber.
9. Vibration of Equivalent Spring mass system – undamped and damped vibration.
10. Whirling of shafts – Determination of critical speeds of shafts with concentrated loads.
11. a). Balancing of rotating masses. (b) Balancing of reciprocating masses.
12. a) Transverse vibration of Free-Free beam – with and without concentrated masses.
b) Forced Vibration of Cantilever beam – Mode shapes and natural frequencies.
c) Determination of transmissibility ratio using vibrating table.
Students should be familiar with the use of the following device/equipments depending upon availability.
Tachometers – Contact and non contact
Accelerometers – Vibration pickups
F.F.T. Analyzer, and (9) Dynamic Balancing Machine.
LIST OF EQUIPMENT
(for a batch of 30 students)
2. Motorised gyroscope.
3. Governor apparatus - Watt, Porter, Proell and Hartnell governors.
4. Whirling of shaft apparatus.
5. Dynamic balancing machine.
6. Static and dynamic balancing machine.
7. Vibrating table
8. Vibration test facilities apparatus
9. Gear Model
10. Kinematic Models to study various mechanisms
ME2308 METROLOGY AND MEASUREMENT LAB 0 0 3 2
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Calibration of Vernier / Micrometer / Dial Gauge
Checking Dimensions of part using slip gauges
Measurements of Gear Tooth Dimensions
Measurement of Angle using sine bar / sine center / tool makers microscope
Measurement of straightness and flatness
Measurement of thread parameters
Setting up of comparators for inspection (Mechanical / Pneumatic / Electrical)
Measurement of Temperature using Thermocouple / Pyrometer
Measurement of Displacement
Measurement of Force
Measurement of Torque
Measurement of Vibration / Shock
LIST OF EQUIPMENT
For each batch 30 students
1. Micrometer - 5
2. Vernier Caliper - 5
3. Vernier Height Gauge - 2
4. Vernier depth Gauge - 2
5. Slip Gauge Set - 1
6. Gear Tooth Vernier - 1
7. Sine Bar - 1
8. Bevel Protractor - 1
9. Floating Carriage Micrometer - 1
10. Profile Projector / Tool Makers Microscope - 1
11. Mechanical / Electrical / Pneumatic Comparator - 1
12. Autocollimator - 1
13. Temperature Measuring Setup - 1
14. Displacement Measuring Setup - 1
15. Force Measuring Setup - 1
16. Torque Measuring Setup - 1
17. Vibration / Shock Measuring Setup - 1
ME2309 CAD/CAM LAB 1 0 3 2
- To be able to understand and handle design problems in a systematic manner.
- To gain practical experience in handling 2D drafting and 3D modeling software systems.
- To be able to apply CAD in real life applications.
- To understand the concepts G and M codes and manual part programming.
- To expose students to modern control systems (Fanuc, Siemens etc)
- To know the application of various CNC machines
- To expose students to modern CNC application machines EDM, EDM wire cut and Rapid Prototyping
3D Geometric Modeling
Creation of 3D Models - Wire Frame, Surface, Solid modeling Techniques Using CAD Packages – CSG, B-Rep Approaches in Solid Modeling - Feature Based Modeling Technique – Assembly – Detailing - Exposure to Industrial Components – Application of GD&T
STL File Generation – Reverse Engineering
Manual CNC Part Programming
Manual CNC Part Programming Using Standard G and M Codes - Tool Path Simulation – Exposure to Various Standard Control Systems- Machining simple components by Using CNC machines.
Computer Aided Part Programming
CL Data Generation by Using CAM Software– Post Process Generation for Different Control System – Machining of Computer Generated Part Program by Using Machining Center and Turning Center.
Study of Experiments
Multi-axial Machining in CNC Machining Center –EDM – EDM Wire Cut - Rapid Prototyping